PAT Testing Portable electrical equipment - a best practice approach.
The use of Portable Electrical Equipment is a common requirement in the workplace.
They are all potential safety hazards and therefore controls and safeguards need to be put in place to deal with associated risks.
The degree of maintenance (including inspection and testing) varies for each country with national legislation and codes of practice.
PAT Testing was introduced to enable companies to comply with the legislation.
Employers are responsible under law, for the safety of their employees.
You must take all reasonable care that your employees work in a safe environment and use safe equipment.
The relevant regulations are:-
The legislation of specific relevance to electrical maintenance is the Health & Safety at Work Act 1974, the Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations 1999, the Electricity at Work Regulations 1989, the Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 and the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998.
The Health & Safety at Work Act 1974 puts the duty of care upon both the employer and the employee to ensure the safety of all persons using the work premises. This includes the self employed.
The Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations 1999 states:
"Every employer shall make suitable and sufficient assessment of:
(a) the risks to the health and safety of his employees to which they are exposed whilst at work, and
(b) the risks to ensure the health and safety of persons not in his employment arising out of or in connection with the conduct by him or his undertaking."
The Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 states:
"Every employer shall ensure that work equipment is maintained in an efficient state, in efficient working order and in good repair."
The PUWER 1998 covers most risks that can result from using work equipment. With respect to risks from electricity, compliance with the Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 is likely to achieve compliance with the PUWER 1998.
PUWER 1998 only applies to work equipment used by workers at work. This includes all work equipment (fixed, transportable or portable) connected to a source of electrical energy. PUWER does not apply to fixed installations in a building. The electrical safety of these installations is dealt with only by the Electricity at Work Regulations.
The Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 states:
"All systems shall at all times be of such construction as to prevent, so far as reasonably practicable, such danger."
"As may be necessary to prevent danger, all systems shall be maintained so as to prevent, so far as reasonably practicable, such danger."
"'System' means an electrical system in which all the electrical equipment is, or may be, electrically connected to a common source of electrical energy and includes such source and such equipment"
"'Electrical Equipment' includes anything used, intended to be used or installed for use, to generate, provide, transmit, transform, rectify, convert, conduct, distribute, control, store, measure or use electrical energy."
Scope of the legislation
It is clear that the combination of the HSW Act 1974, the PUWER 1998 and the EAW Regulations 1989 apply to all electrical equipment used in, or associated with, places of work. The scope extends from distribution systems down to the smallest piece of electrical equipment.
It is clear that there is a requirement to inspect and test all types of electrical equipment in all work situations.
Call us on 01557 335067 for more information or to book our PAT testing service
PAT Testing Consultants
Fleet Health and Safety holding professional qualifications in health and safety at NEBOSH level 6, Food Safety, HACCP(hazard analysis critical control point), Business Management, member of IOSH and a member of IIRSM. Fleet Health & Safety UK professional health & safety consultancy. We cover & provide advice & assistance on COSHH, workplace audits, policies, risk management, risk assessments, regulations, food safety, competent person, training, asbestos, method statement and procedures based Scotland